Smith, Eric Ledell
Blacks in opera.
An encyclopedia of people and companies, 1873-1993
By Eric Ledell Smith
Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1995, 236 p.
Dictionary of Afro-American performers
78 rpm and cylinder recordings of opera, choral music, and song, c1900-1949
New York & London: Garland, 1990
Biographical dictionary of Afro-American and African musicians
Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981, 478 p.
Negro musicians and their music
Washington, D. C.: Associated Publishers, Inc., 1936