Biographical dictionary of Afro-American and African musicians
Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981, 478 p.
Press, Jaques Cattell
ASCAP biographical dictionary of composers, authors and publishers
Compiled for the American Society of Composers, Authors and publishers by Jaques Cattell Press
New York: R. R. Bowker, 1980, 589 p.
Limbacher, James L.
Film music : from violins to video
Compiled and edited by James L. Limbacher
Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1974