Claghorn, Charles Eugene
Biographical dictionary of American music
West Nyack, N.Y.: Parker Pub. Co., 1974, 491 p.
Bio-bibliographical index of musicians in the United States of America since colonial times
Prepared by the District of Columbia Historical Records Survey Division of Community Service Programs Works project Administration
Washington, DC: 1941, 439 p.
Famous names in minstrelsy
p. 270-284 In:
Marks, Edward B.
Liebling, Abbott J.
They all sang : From Tony Pastor to Rudy Vallee
As told to Abbott J. Liebling by Edward B. Marks
New York: Viking Press, 1934
A handbook of American music and musicians
Containing biographies of American musicians. And histories of the principal musical institutions, firms and societies.
Canaseraga, NY: 1886, 182 p.