Stars of the American musical theater in historic photographs
361 portraits from the 1860s to 1950.
Edited by Stanley Applebaum and James Camner
New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1981
Kinkle, Roger D.
The complete encyclopedia of popular music and jazz, 1900-1950
New Rochelle, N. Y.: Arlington, 1974
The story of the house of Witmark : From ragtime to swingtime
By Isidore Witmark and Isaac Goldberg
New York: Lee Furman, Inc., 1939
Strang, Lewis Clinton
Celebrated comedians of light opera and musical comedy in America