Hitchcock, H. Wiley
The new Grove dictionary of American music
edited by H. Wiley Hitchcock and Stanley Sadie
New York, N.Y. : Grove's Dictionaries of Music, 1986. 4 v.
Mangler, Joyce Ellen
Rhode island music and musicians
Detroit: Information Service Inc., 1965
(Series: Detroit Studies in Music Bibliography; 7)
Dictionary catalog of the music collection.
Brown, James Duff
Biographical dictionary of musicians.
With a bibliography of English writings on music
Paisley, Scotland: A. Gardner, 1886, 637 p.