Bierley, Paul E.
Rehrig, William H.
The heritage encyclopedia of band music : composers and their music
Edited by Paul E. Bierley
William H. Rehrig
Westerville, Ohio: Integrity Press, 1991
Press, Jaques Cattell
ASCAP biographical dictionary of composers, authors and publishers
Compiled for the American Society of Composers, Authors and publishers by Jaques Cattell Press
New York: R. R. Bowker, 1980, 589 p.
Kinkle, Roger D.
The complete encyclopedia of popular music and jazz, 1900-1950
New Rochelle, N. Y.: Arlington, 1974
Recorded ragtime 1897-1958
Hamden, Connecticut: Archon Books / Shoe String Press, 1973, 155 p.
The story of the house of Witmark : From ragtime to swingtime
By Isidore Witmark and Isaac Goldberg
New York: Lee Furman, Inc., 1939
International who's who in music and musical gazetteer
Edited by Cesar Saerchinger
New York: Current Literature Pub. Co., 1918, 841 p.
Hanaford, Harry Prescott
Who's who in music and drama
Edited by Dixie Hines and Harry Prescott Hanaford
New York: H.P. Hanaford, 1914, 560 p.